Mikhail Gorbachev
(1931- present)

Gorbachev could be seen as a rebel if put in the Soviet Union context, he sphere-headed a second revolution and he was the one who started up events that would evenually lead up to the fall of the Soviet Empire. Gorbachev was born in an agricultural region of Stavropal, in southern Russia where he exceled in acedemics and agricultural work. He was educated and allowed into the law faculty of Moscow State University in 1950. In 1955 he return to Stavropol, where he made his way up in position in the central committee of Communist Party of the Soviet Union. When his precedors died, he took control and started making reforms for the Soviet's econmy; reforms which was far from the standard ideas of the Soviet Empire. He was rewarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1990 for settling the repressiveness of the Communist system.

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Fall of Communism
The fall of communism happened in 1989 where it signify the revolution that overthrew the Soviet Union empire which included Russia and even in the Baltic states which was conquered under Stalin during his reign of power. The loosening influence of the Soviet control of eastern Europe and the internal problems contributed to the fall of communism. Within the Soviet Union, the government withheld repressive ideals on the country. In time, people were tired of these repressive ideals and wanted more liberty in the political policies and the communist government met with resistance. So the key outline for the fall of communism was the idea that communism was not such a good idea and people preferred more liberty, this caused enough struggles that it weaken the hold of communism on the people and brought forth reforms.

Gorbachev

*there was two principles of his "revolution": perestroika (rebuilding) and glasnost (openness)
*perestroila was an attempt on reforming the economy
-following Marxist ideology, he pressed for private ownership of property and liberal policies
-after much debate with the central committee of Communist Party of the Soviet Union, the finally abandoned the Leninist position
-due to crop failures or farmers keeping them out of the markets, decrease in quality of health care and shortage of housing, food and basic commodities it was clear economy was in a terrible condition in 1945
-people were discontent about the labor work which made him make bold claims such as promising of higher wage and more liberal policies
*due to the fail attempt of perestroika, he moved to the idea of glasnost in a political reform
-this allowed open discussion and applying perestroika also allowed open elections
-open discussions allowed minorities to demand political autonomy
*his failure to make new arrangement between the republics and he central government started to weaken the Soviet Union controls
*1991 the conservative forces turn on him and attempted a coup which was settle but shaken the state of the Soviet Union
-the winter of that year the Soviet Union disappeared (he left office) and the Commonwealth of Independent States took its place


"Gorbachev, Mikhail." International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. Ed. William A. Darity, Jr. 2nd ed. Vol. 3. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2008. 350-351. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 13 June 2010.
Kagan, Donald. "The Western Heritage". Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc., 2007.
Newman, Garfield. "Legacy: The West and the World". Whitby, Ontario: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd., 2002.